Annual Report 2022 / 2023

syétsem tl’a syel̓ánem


chet wa ḵ’áyach’tn ta néwyap

Ta néwyap síiyam̓, síiyay̓, siiyúxwa7 iy ta s7eḵw’í7tel-cht,

nilh ti syel̓ánem tl’a 2023 na7 tkwi nach’aw̓icháwanexw, ta síiyam̓cht tl’a úpen i kwi t’áḵach úxwumixwcht na mi ḵx̱wúsemwit ses men ánulhwit kwis mi nch’ú7mut tl’a úxwumixwcht. nilh melh ses wa tsut ta stélmexw kwis men nch’u7s kwi welh tiná7chet. nekw nach’aw̓icháwanexw ta úxwumixwcht.

wé7us chet kwi ḵwetḵ sts’its’áp’ tl’a swa7ám̓cht ti esxwexwkw sts’its’áp’ kwi ses mistaswit yew̓án̓iwilh tl’a nímalh ti stsi7s na húyutaswit ta Nexwsxwniw̓tm ta Úxwumixw ti stsi7s iy kwis chet mi áyatnew̓as iy kwis chet mi shew̓áynew̓as na7 ta úxwumixwcht. na wé7us ta sts’its’áp’ kwis mi shew̓áynit iy iyím̓entm tl’a úxwumixw iy ta stélmexwcht ti stsi7s iy kwi hem̓í eḵ’ stélmexw á7awt tl’a nímalh, iy wé7us kwis chet nexwiyáy̓us na7 ta sts’its’áp’cht. ta sḵwálwenswit ta úxwumixwcht nilh an esxwéxwkw. stl’i7cht kwis tkwáya7nnit kwis stl’i7swit tl’a s7ulh lemlám̓ iy ta skwulcht iy ta sníchimcht iy ta wa lh7tim̓ácht. chet estétx̱w sḵwálwncht kwis nám̓stet ta úxwumixwcht tkwa tsixwnúmulh.

chet kw’enmántumiyap kwis ḵw’ú7tsutyap na7 ta sḵeḵx̱wcht. an ha7lh sḵwálwencht kwis húynexwaswit ta syétsem tl’a Eslhílhkw’iws Chet, ta Census tl’a Sḵwx̱wú7mesh. kwi ḵwetḵ syel̓ánem na yuultaswit ta úxwumixwcht stl’i7swit kwis ḵ’ánatsuts ta skwulcht iy tsetsiy̓áḵwustay̓ ta sḵwálwenswit tl’a syétsem ta lemlám̓cht. chet wa ḵ’ánatsut na7 tkwa Sen̓áḵw Úxwumixw iy ti-lam̓ chet na wa xwukws kwi ḵex̱ tála tiná7 tl’a Canada Mortgage iy ta Housing Corporation (CMHC). chet uutaswit kwi swataswit tiná7 tl’a Ḵ’émḵ’emelay̓ na chén̓chenstumulh.

chet wa ḵ’áyachtn ta úxwumixwcht ti stsi7s iy kwi hem̓í eḵ’ stélmexw á7awt tl’a nímalh.

huy chexw a (thank you) to Norman Guerrero Jr, Setálten and Victoria Fraser for recording the audio version of this Welcome Message.

Welcome (We Raise Our Hands To You All)

To you all, respected leaders, friends, Elders, and relatives,

This year of 2023, one hundred years ago our chiefs of 16 villages came together and agreed to be one Nation. This is why people say that we come from one (Nation). Our Nation is now one hundred years.

We (Council) are continuing the past work of our ancestors. This important work is being brought to us today and is shaping our current Council, reconciliation, and prosperity. The work continues to grow and strengthen the Nation and our people today as well as the future generations.

We continue to be far-sighted in our work. The thoughts and feelings of our Nation are very important. We want to hear what they say about our housing, education, language, and culture. We are determined to take our people to the destination.

We thank you all for including yourself in our People’s Assembly. We are pleased to see so many of our people complete Eslhílhkw’iws Chet, the Sḵwx̱wú7mesh Census. This past year our people voted yes to Reclaiming Education and shared their thoughts and feelings on housing. We are returning to the village of Sen̓áḵw and building our homes supported with funding from the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC). We invite those from Vancouver to support us (in our work).

We raise our hands to our people today as well as those who have come before and those who will come after.

Operational Highlights

ta ha7lh syétsem

Our people are at the heart of everything we do. We honour our ancestors by continuing their work to ensure our people have a better quality of life than the previous generation. The Nation continued to deliver services and programs to Members while making progress on the four pillars of Sḵwx̱wú7mesh Úxwumixw 2026, our Strategic Plan.

Icons below designed by Marissa Nahanee.



promoted into senior level roles with the Nation, including Director, Chief of Staff, and Manager positions.


acres of land

added to Sen̓áḵw IR No 6.

1380 Squamish Members

completed Eslhílhkw’iws Chet, the Sḵwx̱wú7mesh Census.



received assistance with rent.



supported with post-secondary funding.


of Members

who voted said YES to reclaiming education.


Sḵwḵwú7mesh Sníchim Program Graduates.


billion loan

received by Nch’ḵay̓ West partnership from Canada for the first two phases of the Sen̓áḵw development.



supported with cultural project grants.


distributed in sports and recreation grants.

2SLGBTQIA+ Inclusion Initiative launched.

Financial Highlights

syétsem tl’a tála

The Nation’s total revenue in 2022/2023 was $215.6 million, exceeding the original projection by $113 million.

The majority of our revenue was Own Source Revenue (OSR), which includes revenue streams generated directly by the Nation (eg. from taxes and land leases). In the last fiscal year this accounted for 79 percent of the Nation’s revenue. The remaining 21 percent last year came from government transfers.

Total expenditure was $121.6 million. In 2021/2022 the Nation saw its operations begin to rebound from the impacts of COVID-19, and in 2022/2023, we expanded the scope and scale of our programs and services to Members which resulted in expenses exceeding the original budget.

Operating surplus
2022/2023 saw a $94 million surplus, an increase of $56.6 million from the surplus in the 2021/2022. This increase in operating surplus was primarily driven by the receipt of the Phase 1 Nation Amenity Contribution for the Sen̓áḵw development. The Nation remains dedicated to responsible financial management by seizing sustainable growth opportunities and adapting to ever-changing circumstances. As such, a substantial portion of this surplus has been allocated towards strategic initiatives that align closely with our organizational goals.


total revenue
kwi tála wa p’í7nexwat
Our financial strength comes from two key revenue sources, categorized as Own Source Revenue (OSR) or government transfers.

OSR consists of revenue earned directly by programs and services run by the Nation, such as taxes, leases, and other internally generated sources. By harnessing these direct internal revenue streams, the Nation can focus on securing sustainable and impactful revenue sources to cultivate financial independence.

The other source of revenue the Nation earns is government transfers. This includes funding from government bodies such as Indigenous Service Canada (ISC), First Nations Health Authority (FNHA), and the Province of British Columbia.
Expenditures by Program

($ millions)

  • Ta na wa Chen̓tm
    Chair & Council Office
    $4.4 $5.9
  • Strategic Operations and the Office of the CAO
    $0.9 $1.2
  • Nexwsp’áyaḵen ta Úxwumixw
    Community Operations
    $6.7 $8.4
  • Ta na wa Ch’áwat ta Sen̓áḵw
    Sen̓áḵw Operations
    $0.0 $0.1
  • Ta na wa Ch’áwat ta Sx̱wéx̱wel
    Squamish Valley Operations
    $4.1 $5.0
  • Ta na wa Shéway I7x̱w ta Úxwumixw
    Planning & Capital Projects
    $0.9 $1.0
  • Ta na wa Téy̓wilhay̓lhem
    Public Safety
    $0.0 $0.9
  • Ayás Mén̓men
    Child & Family Services
    $10.7 $14.3
  • Ta7lnew̓ás
    Education, Employment & Training
    $14.0 $19.4
  • Ts’ixwts’ixwnítway
    Member Services
    $3.4 $5.9
  • Yúustway
    Health & Wellness
    $4.9 $6.6
  • Ta na wa Ns7éyx̱nitm ta Snew̓íyelh
    Language & Cultural Affairs
    $2.6 $2.3
  • Ta na wa Yúus ta Stitúyntsam̓
    Rights & Title
    $5.0 $3.3
  • Chén̓chenstway
    Human Resources
    $2.1 $3.1
  • Nexwsyétsem
    $0.0 $1.0
  • Estx̱wáy̓usem
    Finance & IT
    $12.5 $15.8
  • Wa Ch’áwalhenta Chiyáxw
    Legal Services
    $0.0 $0.6
  • Distribution
    $4.1 $4.1
  • Hiy̓ám̓ Housing, Nch’ḵay̓ & Others
    $5.8 $7.4

Total $81.2 million


Total $106.3 million

Year in Review

kwi tpánu

2023 marks the 100th year since 16 villages amalgamated to become Sḵwx̱wú7mesh Úxwumixw. Over the past year, the Nation has been building on the work of the ancestors and defining a new era of self-determination, reconciliation, and economic independence.

tem kw’eyus (Spring) 2022
Paháyikwup Commissioners appointed

In tem tsá7tsḵay̓ (April) 2022, Nexwsxwníw̓ntm ta Úxwumixw (Council) approved the appointment of nine Commissioners to sit on Paháyikwup, the Language Commission. Nominated by Members, the Commissioners provide guidance on Sḵwx̱wú7mesh Sníchim (Squamish Language) including certifying teachers, determining speaker proficiency levels, and creating a strategic plan for language revitalization. This work is guided by a Terms of Reference and the Sḵwx̱wú7mesh Sníchim Policy which was approved in 2021.

tem kw’eskw’ás (Summer) 2022
Funding for Sen̓áḵw

On tem cháyilhen (September) 6, 2022 Council Chairperson Khelsilem was joined by the Prime Minister, Justin Trudeau, for the announcement that the federal government will provide a $1.4 billion loan to the Nch’ḵay̓ West partnership to support the first two phases of the Sen̓áḵw development. This is the largest loan from the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) in Canadian history and is provided through the Rental Construction Financing Initiative (RCFI).

tem eḵwáyanexw (Autumn) 2022
Reclaiming Education

87.5% of Members who voted in a referendum said yes to reclaiming education and building a Sḵwx̱wú7mesh education law and system for on-reserve schools. The etl’ím lhḵaych’ (December) 2022 vote was the culmination of the efforts of those who have been working towards reclaiming our inherent right to reclaim the education of our community for decades. The s7ulh wa nexwniw̓éyalh (Our Ways of Education) project continues its work on developing the education law.

tem t’iḵw (Winter) 2023
Land development strategies

On tem lhawt’ (March) 29, 2023, the Nation and Nch’ḵay̓ Development Corporation announced an immediate one-year moratorium on third-party development proposals so that long-range capital plans and land use strategies could be developed for high priority areas of Sḵwx̱wú7mesh territory in North Vancouver, West Vancouver, Squamish, and Gibson’s Landing. This will open the door to socio-economic growth for the Nation in a way that reflects our values, culture, and worldview.


chet wa

Today, with nearly 4100 Members, the Sḵwx̱wú7mesh Úxwumixw is one of the largest First Nations in British Columbia and a dynamic force in the region. The majority of our people live in three communities in West Vancouver and North Vancouver while approximately 10 percent of our population lives in communities along the Squamish River.

About Us

nilh ta nímalh

We are the Sḵwx̱wú7mesh – descendants of the original Sḵwx̱wú7mesh speaking villages throughout the watersheds of the Squamish River, Mamquam River, Howe Sound, English Bay, False Creek, and Burrard Inlet.

Our people’s history spans many millennia of living on and governing our territory. Our oral literature speaks to our origins as a people in our lands through the stories of these first ancestors. ha7lh stélmexw kwelh tiná7 chet (we come from good people).

In 1923, the partitioned Sḵwx̱wú7mesh Indian Bands joined together to better protect the interests of the people and amalgamated to become the Sḵwx̱wú7mesh Úxwumixw. The Prayer of Amalgamation document was signed by 76 Squamish People and sixteen chiefs for each of the Indian Bands at the time. The Amalgamation created the conditions for the success of Sḵwx̱wú7mesh Úxwumixw.

Sḵwx̱wú7mesh culture has been created from our lands, waters, and people over generations. Our people continue to practice and pass on many of the traditions, customs, and ways of our ancestors. wa iy̓ím ta Sḵwx̱wú7mesh (Squamish strong).

Our Strategic Plan

Sḵwx̱wú7mesh Úxwumixw 2026

  • For The People

    The Sḵwx̱wú7mesh Úxwumixw is s7eḵwí7tel, úxwumixw, and stélmexw. We honour our ancestors by continuing their work for our people to have a better quality of life than the previous generation. We use, create, and borrow the tools we need for our people to care for themselves and their loved ones. We offer knowledge of our ancestors to create ha7lh sḵwálwen and nexwniw̓ that can be passed on to our descendants.

  • For Our Organization

    Our government excels at performing our governance responsibilities. We deliver services now and into the future while maintaining Sḵwx̱wú7mesh values and ways of being. We continue to assert our rightful place as decision-makers with the power to influence and control what happens on our lands, waters and in the delivery of quality services for our people.

  • For Our Lands and Waters

    What we do on our lands and waters define who we are. We protect, take care of, and respect our land and waters. We fulfill our responsibilities to our lands and waters so that future generations can have a healthy relationship with each other and our territory.

  • For External Relations

    We seek to work with external relations who respect our Sḵwx̱wú7mesh values and our inherent rights as Indigenous People. We value relationships initiated in good faith and maintained through collaboration, meaningful engagement, and accountability. We cherish our relations with Indigenous neighbours.


ta huy aw̓t sníchim

ta nímalh ḵiy̓át ta na wa Nexwsxwníw̓tm ta Úxwumixw wa chet ḵ’ay̓áchtn iy wa kw’enmántm i7x̱w ta néwyap ta stélmexwcht. an ha7lh sḵwálwencht kwis wé7u ts’its’áp’shitumiyap na7 ta x̱ay sts’its’áp’ tl’a úxwumixwcht. wé7us chet ta sts’its’áp’ kwis mi shew̓áynit iy iyím̓entm tl’a úxwumixwcht na7 ti syel̓ánem iy kwi hem̓í syel̓ánem.

tim̓á tkwétsi ta sníchimcht iy chet kw’enmántumiyap.

huy chexw a (thank you) to Norman Guerrero Jr, Setálten and Victoria Fraser for recording the audio version of this Closing Message.

Closing Message (The Last Words)

We, the Council, raise our hands and thank all of our people. It is an honour and privilege to continue working for you all in the sacred work of our Nation. We will continue to work on growing and strengthening our Nation in this year and in the coming year.

Thanking you all for your kind attention.